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Bellows Product Design and Application Development Services
Sensors/Actuators  Temperature | Pressure

Flexial utilizes the unique properties of metal edge-welded bellows to provide highly versatile, energy transfer sensing, problem solving components. This is evident by the variety and sheer number of applications in which Flexial's bellows-assisted sensors are found. Flexial's sensors fly in military aircraft all over the globe, sensing altitude and pressure for fuel control applications. Flexial's temperature sensors provide direct control for optical adjustment in precision IR systems for both military and commercial applications. Flexial's thermal transducers are also used in gas density measurement systems throughout the North American gas market, ensuring accurate metering at all temperatures. Flexial's gas-filled transducers are used in semiconductor manufacturing processes to provide passive actuation in a vacuum environment. Flexial's depth gage bellows tell the U.S. nuclear sub fleet the exact operating depth. And Flexial's bellows are in deep well quartz pressure sensors from the gulf of Mexico to the coast of Norway.

Sensor Types

Pressure Transducers compress with increasing external pressure and expand as the pressure drops. This movement can be used to apply mechanical control force.

Differential Pressure sensors reference one pressure to another rather than to the atmosphere.

Aneroid sensors sense pressure changes relative to absolute zero pressure by creating a vacuum on one side of the bellows. Aneroid sensors sense change in barometric pressure to bias or reference a system to absolute pressure, or to sense changes in altitude and introduce corresponding motion and|or force to a system, such as directly operating a valve or opening a parachute.

Sudden Pressure Relays, or Rapid Rise Relays, are used to detect sudden surges in pressure.

Bellows Sensor Functions
Gas Filled bellows can make the sensor sensitive to both external pressure and temperature in vastly different applications, including:
  • Fuel Controls
  • Air Density Controls
  • Passive actuation in a vacuum or pressure chamber
Liquid Filled bellows can function in a number of transducer applications, including:
  • Temperature-Motion transducer
  • Temperature-Force transducer
  • Pressure-Motion transducer
  • Force-Pressure transducer
  • Motion-Motion transducer
  • Force-Force transducer
Design Considerations
Pressure transducer illustration

Pressure Transducers: For pressure transducers, usually two small bellows joined with a capillary tube comprise the liquid-filled system, one the sender, the other the receiver. In pressure-motion transduction, the sender converts pressure of the system that surrounds it to displacement of the equilant through the capillary. Flow of the equilant into the receiver bellows is transduced into motion. An example would be a submarine depth gauge where the sender bellows is in seawater, the capillary passes through the hull and the motion of the receiver bellows moves the linkage on a pressure gauge. In pressure-force transduction, there is almost no motion in either bellows. Pressure on the sender produces force from the receiver.

Temperature transducer illustration

Temperature Transducers: The higher coefficient of expansion of liquids over metals will cause a liquid-filled metal bellows to expand with increasing temperature and contract conversely. This is akin to an alcohol-filled thermometer, but with a bellows we can drive force or motion. The liquid (the equilant) can be confined strictly to the bellows, or for greater motion, additional equilant can be in a near or remote bulb. In temperature-force transducers, force can be appreciable with larger bellows. For temperature-motion transduction, motion can be linear to less than 0.5% of full scale for low force applications. Flexial builds liquid-filled transducers as small as 0.250 in. (6mm) OD.

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Flexial Corporation is a member of the Hyspan Corporation

Flexial Corporation is a member of the Chula Vista, California based Hyspan group of companies, which produce a complete line of flexible tubular products that meet the needs of diverse industries ranging from scientific research to oil refining.

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